Introduction: Zilla Parishad is a local government body at the district level in India. It looks after the administration of the rural area of the district and its office is located at the district headquarters.
Constitution: Members of the Zilla Parishad are elected from the district on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years. There are seats reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, backward classes and women. The Chairmen of all the Panchayat Samitis are members of the Zilla Parishad. The Parishad is headed by the Sabhadhipati and Saha-Sabhadhipati.
Departments: There are ten departments in the Parishad each of which has a Karmadhakhya(Chairman): 1. Standing Committee 2. Finance 3. Public Works 4. Agriculture 5. Health 6. Education 7. Social Welfare 8. Animal Husbandry and Dairy 9. Women and Child Welfare 10. Water Conservation and Drinking Water The President is the Chairman of the Standing Committee which supervises and controls the working of the other committees.
Administrative Structure: The Executive Officer (EO), who is an IAS officer, heads the administrative machinery of the Zilla Parishad. The EO supervises the divisions of the Parishad and executes its development schemes.
Functions: 1. Provide essential services and facilities to the rural population and the planning and execution of the development programmes for the district. 2. Supply improved seeds to farmers. Inform them of new techniques of training. Undertake construction of small-scale irrigation projects and percolation tanks. Maintain pastures and grazing lands. 3. Set up and run schools in villages. Execute programmes for adult literacy. Run libraries. 4. Start Primary Health Centers and hospitals in villages. Start mobile hospitals for hamlets, vaccination drives against epidemics and family welfare campaigns. 5. Construct bridges and roads. 6. Execute plans for the development of the scheduled castes and tribes. Run ashramshalas for adivasi children. Set up free hostels for scheduled caste students. 7. Encourage entrepreneurs to start small-scale industries like cottage industries, handicraft, agriculture produce processing mills, dairy farms, etc. Implement rural employment schemes.
Sources of Income:: 1. Taxes on water, pilgrimage, markets, etc. 2. Fixed grant from the State Government in proportion with the land revenue and money for works and schemes assigned to the Parishad.